|GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED IN THIS
Extension to a church by conversion of the former
exterior wall to an arcade, covered with a lean-to roof.
- Apsidal (Apse): In Saxon and Norman architecture, the
semi-circular end of a chancel.
- Arcade: Range of arches supported on columns.
- Aumbry: Cupboard to hold sacred vessels.
- Advowson;A right of presentation to a a vacant
Small, generally one roomed, hut, common up
to the Seventeenth Century, not unknown much later.
George Stephenson was born in one.
- Chancel: Eastern end of a church containing the
Clerestory: High nave windows, above the level of the aisle
roof, to admit direct light into the nave.
An elaborately carved wall bracket; not to be confused
with a gargoyle which it much resembles, but which is
actually an elaborate gutterspout.
- Gnomon: Metal rod, in the centre of a dial.
Person in present possession of a benefice or office
System of slats designed to allow free passage to air and
- Lancet: Narrow window with pointed arch.
- Misercord: Carved underside of a choir stall seat.
- Nave: Main part of a church.
Sink for the washing of sacramental vessels; the
drain leads onto
Reredos:Carved screen forming a backing piece to an altar.
- Priest's door: Generally in the chancel.
- Reredos: Structure behind and above an altar.
- Rood screen: A carved wooden screen separating
chancel from nave, but mostly destroyed in the Reformation.
Traditionally figures of Christ Crucified (the Rood) flanked by
St Mary Virgin and St John the Evangelist stood above the
- Sanctuary: Area around the High Altar.
- Scratch or Mass dial: A sun dial on the south face of
the church, which cast the sun's shadow on marks (scratches) to
indicate the time of masses. See Gnomon.
- Transept: North and south of the crossing where the
nave and chancel meet.
Approximate Periods of English Church Architecture:—
- Saxon c7th - 1066
- Norman 1066 - 1190
- (Transitional Norman/E. English) (1175 - 1200)
- Early English 1190 - 1280
- Decorated 1280 - 1370 Gothic
- Perpendicular 1370 - 1550